Penumbra System® MAX™ Reperfusion Catheters
The Penumbra System MAX Reperfusion Catheters are intended for use in the revascularization of patients with acute ischemic stroke secondary to large vessel occlusion disease.
The 3MAX and 4MAX Reperfusion Catheters feature advance tracking technology that allows access over a solo guidewire for ease of use. The 5MAX Reperfusion Catheter offers a combination of advanced tracking technology with a larger lumen.
The MAX Reperfusion Catheters are part of the Penumbra System and intended for use with Penumbra ENGINE™ aspiration source and Hi-Flow Aspiration Tubing.
Caution: Federal (USA) law restricts this device to sale by or on the order of a physician. Prior to use, please refer to the Instructions for Use for complete product indications, contraindications, warnings, precautions, potential adverse events, and detailed instructions for use.
Indication for Use
Penumbra Reperfusion Catheters and Separators
As part of the Penumbra System, the Reperfusion Catheters and Separators are indicated for use in the revascularization of patients with acute ischemic stroke secondary to intracranial large vessel occlusive disease (within the internal carotid, middle cerebral – M1 and M2 segments, basilar, and vertebral arteries) within 8 hours of symptom onset. Patients who are ineligible for intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (IV t-PA) or who fail IV t-PA therapy are candidates for treatment.
Penumbra 3D Revascularization Device
As part of the Penumbra System, the Penumbra 3D Revascularization Device is indicated for use in the revascularization of patients with acute ischemic stroke secondary to intracranial large vessel occlusive disease (within the internal carotid, middle cerebral – M1 and M2 segments) within 8 hours of symptom onset. Patients who are ineligible for intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (IV t-PA) or who fail IV t-PA therapy are candidates for treatment.
Penumbra Aspiration Tubing
As part of the Penumbra System, the Penumbra Sterile Aspiration Tubing is indicated to connect the Penumbra Reperfusion Catheters to the Penumbra Aspiration Pump.
Penumbra Aspiration Pump
The Penumbra Aspiration Pump is indicated as a vacuum source for Penumbra Aspiration Systems.
There are no known contraindications.
• The device is intended for single use only. Do not resterilize or reuse. Resterilization and/or Reuse may result in ineffective catheter coating lubrication, which may result in high friction and the inability to access the target neuro vasculature location.
• Do not use kinked or damaged devices. Do not use open or damaged packages. Return all damaged devices and packaging to the manufacturer/distributor.
• Do not use automated high-pressure contrast injection equipment with the Penumbra Reperfusion Catheter because it may damage the device.
• Confirm vessel diameter, and select an appropriate size Penumbra Reperfusion Catheter. Do not use in arteries with diameters smaller or equal to the distal outer diameter of the Penumbra Reperfusion Catheters. Refer to the Reperfusion Catheter labeling for dimensional information.
• Do not advance, retract or use any component of the Penumbra System against resistance without careful assessment of the cause using fluoroscopy. If the cause cannot be determined, withdraw the device or system as a unit. Unrestrained torquing or forced insertion of the catheter, revascularization device, or separator against resistance may result in damage to the device or vessel.
• Do not use the Penumbra System with a pump other than the Penumbra Aspiration Pump.
• The Penumbra 3D Revascularization Device has not been evaluated in patients with angiographic evidence of pre-existing arterial injury.
• The Penumbra System should only be used by physicians who have received appropriate training in interventional neuro-endovascular techniques and treatment of acute ischemic stroke.
• Use prior to the “Use By” date.
• Use the Penumbra System in conjunction with fluoroscopic visualization.
• As in all fluoroscopy procedures, consider all necessary precautions to limit patient radiation exposure by using sufficient shielding, reducing fluoroscopy times and modifying radiation technical factors whenever possible.
• Maintain a constant infusion of appropriate flush solution.
• When performing aspiration, ensure that the Penumbra Aspiration Tubing valve is open for only the minimum time needed to remove thrombus. Excessive aspiration or failure to close the Penumbra Aspiration Tubing valve when aspiration is complete is not recommended.
• The Penumbra Separator is not intended for use as a neurovascular guidewire. If repositioning of the Penumbra Reperfusion Catheter is necessary during the revascularization procedure, such repositioning should be performed over an appropriate neurovascular guidewire using standard microcatheter and guidewire techniques.
• Administration of anticoagulants and antiplatelets should be suspended until 24 hours post-treatment. Medical management and acute post stroke care should follow the ASA guidelines.1 Any neurological deterioration should be evaluated by urgent CT scan and other evaluations as indicated according to investigator/hospital best practice.
• As in all surgical interventions, monitoring of intra-procedural blood loss is recommended so that appropriate management may be instituted.
Potential Adverse Events
Possible complications include, but are not limited to, the following:
allergic reaction and anaphylaxis from contrast media; acute occlusion; air embolism; arteriovenous fistula; death; device malfunction; distal embolization; emboli; false aneurysm formation; hematoma or hemorrhage at access site; inability to completely remove thrombus; infection; intracranial hemorrhage; ischemia; kidney damage from contrast media; neurological deficits including stroke; vessel spasm, thrombosis, dissection, or perforation; radiation exposure that may lead to cataracts, skin reddening, burns, alopecia, or neoplasia from x-ray exposure.
1. Adams, et al., Guidelines for the Early Management of Adults with Ischemic Stroke: A Guideline from the AHA/ASA Stroke Council, Clinical Cardiology Council, Cardiovascular Radiology and Intervention Council, and the Atherosclerotic Peripheral Vascular Disease and Quality of Care Outcomes in Research Interdisciplinary Working Groups: The American Academy of Neurology affirms the value of this guideline as an educational tool for neurologists, Stroke May 2007; 38:1655-1711.
Penumbra ENGINE – Indication For Use
The Penumbra ENGINE is indicated as a vacuum source for the Penumbra Aspiration Systems.
There are no contraindications.
• The canister is intended for single use only. Do not reuse. Reuse may result in canister cracking or vacuum filter blockages, which may result in the inability to aspirate.
• Do not block bottom or back air vents. Unit may overheat and shut off or fail to restart if run for extended periods without airflow.
• To avoid risk of electrical shock, this equipment must only be connected to a supply mains with protective earth.
• Do not position the Penumbra ENGINE so that it is difficult to remove the power cord. The means of mains disconnect is to remove the power cord.
• Only use replacement fuse with correct rating (see Table 1 for fuse rating).
• Remove and service the Penumbra ENGINE if liquids or solids have been drawn into the Penumbra ENGINE.
• Do not use in the presence of a flammable anesthetic mixture with air or nitrous oxide.
• Do not use in an oxygen rich environment.
• To prevent fire or shock hazard, use a replacement power cord of equal rating.
• Do not re-infuse blood or fluid from the canister back into the patient.
• Do not use petroleum base compounds, acids, caustics, or chlorinated solvents to clean or lubricate any parts. It will reduce service life of the Penumbra ENGINE. Use only waterbased solvents for cleaning.
• Use of this equipment adjacent to or stacked with other equipment should be avoided because it could result in improper operation. If such use is necessary, this equipment and the other equipment should be observed to verify that they are operating normally.
• Portable RF communications equipment (including peripherals such as antenna cables and external antennas) should be used no closer than 30 cm (12 inches) to any part of the Penumbra ENGINE. Otherwise, this could result in degradation of the performance of this equipment.
• Common emitters (such as RFID emitters, security systems, diathermy equipment, and portable transmitters) should not be used in close proximity to the Penumbra ENGINE as they can interfere with and result in degradation of the performance of the equipment.
• Equipment is not safe for MR use.
• No modification of this equipment is allowed.
3MAX Reperfusion Catheter
- 4.7 F (1.57 mm) proximal OD, 1.27 mm distal OD
- .043″ (1.09 mm) proximal ID, .035″ (.89 mm) distal ID
- 160 cm length
- Coaxial delivery catheter for 5MAX and the ACE™/ Penumbra JET™ Reperfusion Catheters
4MAX Reperfusion Catheter
- 6 F (2.03 mm) proximal OD, 1.42 mm distal OD
- .064″ (1.63 mm) proximal ID, .041″ (1.04 mm) distal ID
- 139 cm length
5MAX Reperfusion Catheter
- 6 F (2.03 mm) proximal OD, 1.67 mm distal OD
- .064″ (1.63 mm) proximal ID, .054″ (1.37 mm) distal ID
- 132 cm length
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