Brain Conditions

Brain Conditions

Acute Ischemic Stroke

Acute Ischemic Stroke

Brain Aneurysm

Brain Aneurysm

Neuro Arteriovenous Malformation

Neuro Arteriovenous Malformation

Ischemic Stroke

Neuro Arteriovenous Malformation

Brain Conditions

Brain Conditions

Healthy blood flow through the brain’s arteries and veins is essential to the survival of brain cells and tissue. Diseased vessels and other conditions, including acute ischemic stroke, brain aneurysm, and neuro arteriovenous malformation, can interfere with blood circulation.

Acute Ischemic Stroke

Brain Aneurysm

Neuro Arteriovenous Malformation

Ischemic Stroke

Ischemic Stroke

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Neuro Arteriovenous Malformation

Neuro Arteriovenous Malformation

Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are malformed blood vessels that cause irregular connections between arteries and veins due to an absence of capillaries—a network of small blood vessels that delivers oxygen to cells. In most cases, AVMs cause damage by reducing the amount of oxygen reaching brain tissue, and by increasing pressure on or displacing parts of the brain. Over time, increased blood flow through the arteries directly into the veins can cause some AVMs to weaken and eventually rupture, causing a hemorrhagic stroke. Dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVF) and Vein of Galen aneurysms are two types of AVMs that affect specific parts of the brain. – dAVFs occur within the dura (outermost membrane) between the brain and the skull. The most serious problem associated with dAVFs is the transfer of arterial blood directly into the veins or venous sinuses. This results in an increase in the pressure of the venous system around the brain, potentially causing irreversible damage. – A Vein of Galen aneurysm is a rare form of AVM that can occur during early brain development. The malformation can cause the Vein of Galen, located at the base of the head, to swell, allowing too much blood to rush to the heart. This can lead to rapid heart failure and hydrocephalus, water on the brain.